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In 1971, when Tom Lenman began his career as a development engineer at Wirsbo in Sweden, he never imagined he would stay in the same trade for a lifetime. After learning to build airplanes at the Royal Institute of Technology, his interest shifted to development of PEX Tubing for hot water applications. Virtually a new arena for plastics, it required many months of research to find suitable material designs, additives, optimizing properties, etc. Even more challenging was getting the material approved for its intended applications. Authorities were skeptical and required extensive testing. Since European cooperation between countries was only an idea at that time, every country needed to be approached separately for approval.
At the same time, Shell Chemical invented a new Polymer in the United States: polybutylene. After early success in the US, they approached the European market. PEX and PB were bidding the approval of committees in several different countries. For PEX (and Wirsbo), Tomas was the representative, while Shell Chemical normally came to meetings with several constituents, under the oversight of Steve Pregun. Steve would typically introduce Tomas as “Mr. PEX” to new colleagues and meeting attendees. The nickname stuck and has followed Tomas ever since.
By the early 1980’s, Tomas was working on the US PEX standards, now known as ASTM F876 & F877. Meetings took place 3 to 4 times per year. Shell Chemical had succeeded in developing an ASTM standard specification for polybutylene (PB) a few years earlier. At this point, they had 6 strong polybutylene tubing manufacturers attending the PEX standardization committees. Tomas had some support from PE raw material manufacturers and professional code developers, but realized the PB majority would be able to raise unlimited objections and delay the PEX standard indefinitely. The European and International (ISO) standards had different ways to evaluate and predict long-term strength of Plastic Pipes – compared to US standards (read ASTM D 2837).
Shell’s own data, as provided to ISO and several European committees, clearly displayed a “knee” in the long-term strength data at higher temperatures, (a “knee” indicates a clear point of extrapolated failure) as well as independent data from European testing institutes (including such tests paid by Wirsbo). With this data presented to ASTM committees, they would have no choice, but to change the pressure rating or the wall thickness of the polybutylene pipes (with a lot of installed PB Tubing becoming disapproved). Tomas showed the data to Steve Pregun and spoke of his intention to start a new ASTM project to revise the PB stress rating. After negotiating, the two ASTM PEX Standards were published 6 months later in the fall of 1984. Tomas had already arrived in the United States in August of that same year to start the subsidiary Wirsbo Company.
Tomas Lenman can also add “author” to his list of accomplishments. His book “Water and Pipes” has been published in three languages and the US version was distributed twice in 1984-85. The book mirrored what he learned on the subject up to that time. Trade magazines gave it fair exposure and gave Wirsbo name recognition. In the late 80’s a “Wirsbo System” was more known to the trade than “Under Floor Heating System”. The content of the book is available on the MrPEX® website at www.mrpexsystems.com/water-and-pipes. In 1986, they began publishing “World of Wirsbo” 4 times a year. It was about successful radiant heating projects and provided the nuts and bolts on how they work.
In the early 90’s Wirsbo owned close to 50% of the radiant floor heating market share; the market penetration increased rapidly and several new system suppliers entered. HRHA (Hydronic Radiant Heating Association) was formed, but only survived a couple years. Tomas could not agree with the majority: to downgrade the importance of oxygen barriers on polymer tubing for heating. Wirsbo only supplied tubing with Oxygen Diffusion Barrier to the market, but some competitors did not. A huge amount of European experience and research was challenged and dismissed by many for a few years. Some of you remember trade magazine articles like “Looking for Elvis” (looking for systems with corrosion problems due to oxygen in the systems). Fortunately, “Elvis” was soon found and only a limited number of systems suffered from the bad design.
At the time, Finland-based Uponor, was producing plastic pipes for cold water distribution, sewer applications and gas distribution. Uponor acquired Hewing (Germany) and Wirsbo (Sweden) in 1988, the two dominant manufacturers of PEX Tubing in the Western hemisphere. Over the next decade, Uponor continued acquisitions of companies active in hot water distribution, but also sold off its interests in traditional (cold water or gas) plastic pipes applications. A total transformation of product lines took place, bringing strength to their trade names in the plumbing and heating field. Their marketing strategy was Multi-brand, Multi-channel Distribution, which was successful for many years. Around 2006, it was astonishing when the group decided to unify operations under the single trade name, “Uponor.” Well established trade names are considered valuable assets and often booked on corporate balance sheets. Trade names such as Wirsbo, Velta and Polytherm were scrapped in favor of the virtually unknown Uponor (at least in North America).
In the fall of 2000, Tomas learned that the LK Group in Sweden had hired Lennart Agren to setup a new PEX production plant. Tomas met with Lennart and LK Group at the ISH show in Frankfurt, March 2001. The combination of a fast production process, adding polymer layers (such as oxygen barriers, etc.) and curing to optimal crosslinking in line, while at the same time (partly) orienting the molecules around the perimeter of the tubing resulted in a winning concept; a fast PEX (a process resulting in a tubing with exceptional flexibility and still stronger than most). Tomas gained the exclusive distribution rights to the US market, terminating his then current employment (Roth USA), and started MrPEX® Systems in June 2001. After a year of hard work and preparation, the product line launched in the spring of 2002.
Once again, contenders tried to delay and stop the introduction. This time it was not polybutylene competition, but existing PEX manufacturers who argued that MrPEX Tubing should meet additional testing requirements, such as testing the degree of molecular orientation in the tubing. Since Tomas knew the important crucial parameters for other PEX manufacturing processes that lacked prescribed testing, the extra requirements were dismissed and MrPEX was approved.